Cardiometabolic Health

Cardiometabolic health is a relatively new term that encompasses cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Collectively, such conditions are the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. They all share similar risk factors (e.g., overweight/obesity, elevated blood pressure) which can be modified by diet and lifestyle choices. The available evidence indicates that eggs, when consumed as part of an overall healthy diet pattern, do not affect risk factors for cardiometabolic disease. Recent recommendations from the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology and American Diabetes Association do not limit egg or cholesterol intake, a change from earlier guidance from these organizations. In fact, several global health organizations, including Health Canada, the Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation, the Australian Heart Foundation and the Irish Heart Foundation, promote eggs as part of a heart-healthy diet.

Given the public health significance of understanding cardiometabolic diseases, research on risk reduction remains an active area of pursuit. For example:

  • A randomized controlled study in people with metabolic syndrome showed that those consuming three whole eggs per day as part of a reduced carbohydrate diet experienced favorable changes in HDL-cholesterol, insulin sensitivity, and other aspects of the lipoprotein lipid profile
  • A randomized controlled weight loss trial in people with diagnosed type 2 diabetes showed improved lipid and glucose markers following consumption of 2 eggs per day for 12 weeks.
  • An egg-based breakfast, rich in protein (35% energy; 26.1 g egg protein), promoted glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes relative to a high-carbohydrate breakfast.

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Insights from a Diabetes Educator

Diabetes

The American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) is a multi-disciplinary professional membership organization of over 13,000 health professionals dedicated to improving diabetes care through education. At their annual meeting held Aug 11-14, 2016 in San Diego, CA, Dr. Tia Rains of ENC sat down with Jill Weisenberger, Certified Diabetes Educator and Registered Dietitian Nutritionist to discuss key takeaways from the annual meeting, the challenges of living with diabetes, what the future may look like in designing optimal diets for people with diabetes.

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Novel strategies to lower inflammation through diet

Inflammation

Featured article in the Summer 2016 Issue of Nutrition Close-Up; written by Kristen Arnold, RDN, LD

The two leading causes of death for women in the United States, cardiovascular disease and breast cancer, are associated with elevated chronic inflammatory markers. Strategies to reduce inflammation are a possible treatment strategy to prevent rampant chronic diseases in postmenopausal women, a population particularly vulnerable to elevated chronic inflammation.1 Improved overall diet quality is associated with reduced chronic inflammatory markers and is a possible avenue for treatment in postmenopausal women. Low added sugar (less than 10% of daily calories from added sugar), omega-3 fatty acids (from fatty fish), and high fiber (20 g fiber from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes) in the diet are three strategies proposed to improve diet quality and lower chronic inflammation.

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Top Experts Present Perspectives on Cardiometabolic Health

Cardiometabolic Health

 

On June 3, the Egg Nutrition Center (ENC) was proud to sponsor a satellite symposium at the American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting in Boston, MA titled, Nutrition, Exercise & Cardiometabolic Health: New Concepts & Controversies.  Following introductory remarks by ENC’s Executive Director, Dr. Mitch Kanter, two of the nation’s top nutrition and fitness experts shared their perspectives on diet and physical activity behaviors that reduce risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and related metabolic disorders:

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Eggs are grade A after all

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Featured article in the Spring 2016 Issue of Nutrition Close-Up; written by Lisa Katic, RD, CSW

Cholesterol and eggs, eggs and cholesterol. They are often spoken in the same sentence with advice to avoid or eliminate, but is it really warranted? Cholesterol became the nutrition and health no-no in the 1980s. If you wanted to treat yourself to a healthy lifestyle and mitigate heart disease, you had to avoid high cholesterol containing foods. Why? Because dietary cholesterol was thought to increase blood cholesterol causing increased arterial blockages, which could lead to heart attack and/or heart disease. Enter the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC), jointly appointed by the Secretaries of the USDA and HHS, and consisting of 14 top nutrition experts in the country. They are tasked with evaluating the most current body of science on nutrition and develop the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which sets recommendations for America’s food intake and how to lead a healthy lifestyle.1

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